Before the release of MinecraftIn update 1.18, level Y 12 was the absolute best place for players to mine for ores. This is no longer the case, however, as Caves and Cliffs Part 2 completely changed the ore distributions in Minecraft. For fans trying to figure out where to look for the materials they need now, details on the new ore distribution can be found in this guide.
Updated on July 16, 2022 by Anastasia Maillot: Following the release of Wild Update or Update 1.19 for Minecraft, the distribution of ores hasn’t changed drastically in the game, even with the addition of the Deep Dark Biome and Deep Dark Cities. That being said, these biomes and their sculk sensors have made mining a much riskier task to undertake, especially when players roam extremely deep in the new depths of Minecraft’s revamped caves. This guide has been updated with more information about each ore for beginner Minecraft players in particular, who might be wondering if a certain type of ore is worth their time or not. Here is how minecraft ores were distributed following update 1.18and how they continue to be distributed after the 1.19 update.
Minecraft 1.19 Ore Distribution
To speak in general, Minecraft Saw Ores 1.18 adopt a triangular distribution pattern, with their spawn rates increasing and decreasing as players move up and down through Y Tiers. This means that the midpoint of the distribution range of a ore is usually the best place to search for that particular ore, because that’s where the spawn rate is the highest. Since the release of Minecraft 1.19, this distribution of minerals has not changed.
The following graphic shows exactly how this manifests in-game, and there’s more detail on each individual ore below.
Coal has a very wide distribution area, starting at level Y 256 and ending at level Y 0. Notably, coal spawns are affected by air exposure below Y=136, which means that caves will not be good sources for this ore in these lower levels. Mountain biomes are great for collecting huge chunks of coal, as they can easily spawn in the open. The new ore distribution has also made ore chunks larger, and when mining coal, this change is most noticeable.
Coal is the main fuel for kilns in Minecraft, and is used to craft torches. This is one of the most important resources players should focus on during their first few days of survival, as it allows players to cook, smelt other ores, and craft torches to light up dark areas to to drive away hostile crowds. It can be replaced with charcoal, which is more expensive to make by smelting wood logs.
Copper can spawn in Y levels 112 to -16 in all biomes, though its spawn rate is greatly increased in drip caves. No matter where a player opts to search for Copper, Y=48 is the level they should be aiming for. Copper must be smelted after being mined to craft Copper Bars, which can then be used to craft various items.
Copper is a bit more of a niche item in the game. It’s not yet a necessary resource, but can be used to craft copper blocks which will eventually oxidize and change color over time unless that players only use wax from honeycombs. Copper can also be used to craft a spyglass, which is probably the best utility it offers as it allows players to zoom in without using OptiFine. Finally, it can be used to make a lightning rod to protect houses from lightning strikes, for example.
Diamond in Minecraft 1.18 appears between Y levels 16 and -64, with Y level -58 being the best place to grow it. Diamonds are the most sought after resource in Overworld Minecraftand players will need to craft a bunch of Diamond gear before they can hope to upgrade their weapons, tools, and armor into the most powerful Netherite gear.
Diamonds work like iron and gold. They can be used to craft diamond-grade tools, weapons, and armor, which are extremely strong and offer a lot of protection, damage, and utility. Diamonds remain extremely rare, but when players find them, they must mine them using a pickaxe with a Fortune III or at least Fortune II enchantment, to increase the number of diamonds they receive from a block .
Minecraft players who hunt emeralds will need to stick to mountain biomes, with Y levels around 232 acting as the most consistent sources. Emeralds are probably the rarest ore in the Overworld, as they don’t usually spawn in large chunks like diamonds do.
Emeralds are the currency of Minecraft. Players can use them to trade with villagers found in any village, as long as the villager in question has a job. It’s also possible to trade emeralds with villagers, but those living in mountain biomes should try to find as many as they can and mine them with a Fortune III or at least Fortune II enchanted pickaxe to maximum gains.
Gold can appear from Level Y 256 to level Y -64, although there are a few important details to note. Specifically, gold can only appear between Y-levels 256 and 32 in Minecraftbadlands biome and only if there is a landmass that can support it there. If a player is looking for gold in a non-badlands biome, then they should respect Y levels 32 to -64with -16 being the best option.
Gold is not too important a resource. It can be used to craft armor, tools, and weapons, but these are usually very weak and have low durability. Gold, however, is perfect for trading with Piglins in the Nether. Overall, the Nether is also a great alternate location for players looking to mine a ton of gold nuggets, nine of which can be crafted into a gold bar.
Like gold, iron can spawn at any height as long as there is landmass that can support it. For players looking for iron in the mountains, Y level 232 is the best optionwhile fans looking down should turn their attention to Y=16.
Iron is the most important resource in the game along with wood and coal. Most players will craft a full set of iron armor, tools, and weapons at some point in the game when they begin their hunt for Diamond level gear. Iron is used in a large number of crafting recipes and has received a slight overhaul in appearance. Raw Iron now looks different from the iron ore block that was previously dropped, so players who are only now returning to Minecraft could be surprised during the extraction of the ore.
Lapis Lazuli appears between Y levels 64 and -64 but not with much frequency. Players can slightly increase their chances of finding this ore by focusing on Y=0, but only if they stripped for it. Luckily, a single ore block usually drops several Lapis Lazuli at once, and this amount increases if players have Fortune III or Fortune II enchantments on their deck.
Lapis Lazuli is mainly used to enchant items in Minecraft. This cost is so low that players can get away with it without obsessively farming Lapis Lazuli. It can also be used to access blue dye in-game, but other than that, Lapis Lazuli remains purely an enchantment currency.
Redstone has a distribution pattern similar to Diamond, appearing between Y levels 16 and -64. Again, level Y -58 is where ore spawns most frequently. Redstone can spawn in fairly large chunks, and with Fortune III and Fortune II players can increase the amount of redstone dust they can mine from a single block of redstone ore.
The main function of Redstone is to create circuits in Minecraft. Since there is no electricity in the game, Redstone acts as a power ore that can be used to craft various Redstone mechanisms and blocks.
Minecraft is now available for Mobile, PC, PS4, PS5, Switch, Xbox One and Xbox Series X/S.
MORE: Minecraft biomes that deserve updates after caves and cliffs